UNDERSTANDING THE STAKES OF THE EVAW IN AFGHANISTAN
The Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) Law is an Afghan law passed by presidential decree in 2009 that criminalises acts of violence against women. Since March 2013, EVAW Law implementation has stagnated, jeopardising progress achieved. What has caused such a drastic change? Is it public perception that hinders acceptance of this law or does the root of the problem lie deeper? In 2013, Samuel Hall conducted an evaluation of UN Women’s support to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) in implementing the EVAW Law through the EVAW Commission Project. This document shares some of Samuel Hall’s analysis of the current stakes for the EVAW Law, while the full report evaluates the activities of the UN Women EVAW Commission project.
A STOCKTAKING EXERCISE OF THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN
After initial troop deployment in Afghanistan in 2001, policy makers turned their attention to humanitarian rights – particularly women’s rights. With some of the worst health and mortality figures in the world, low levels of literacy and continuing insecurity, men and women in Afghanistan face tough challenges. The information presented in this report highlights areas in which improvements have been made, areas in which significant improvement has been lacking and areas for focus in the years ahead. The report takes stock of changes in gender mainstreaming since the 2005 WB report.
A GBV AND CHILD PROTECTION PROGRAMME STRATEGY
Gender-based Violence (GBV) and Violations of Child Rights are not mutually exclusive categories. Whilst GBV can include children, violations of child rights can occur in the form of GBV. In Afghanistan, both of these are a hard reality. Yet, certain groups of children do not fall under the radar of stakeholders. This research project focuses on two extremely sensitive, yet critical concepts and endemic operational issues: GBV and Child Protection (CP). The aim of this research is to provide a roadmap to programming in these areas that will realistically: a) address the needs of the people and b) allow for optimum use of present capacity and resources.
THE CHALLENGE OF MAKING AFGHAN SCHOOLS SAFE FOR EDUCATION
In Afghanistan, children’s access to education has improved considerably during the last decade. Yet, security continues to deteriorate in many parts of the country, placing education gains for many children at risk. Schools, students, and educators in conflict settings are direct targets of threats and attacks. This document provides highlights from research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for Save the Children International (SCI) in 2013.
This study aims to understand the coping mechanisms that individuals, communities, civil society and authorities use to mitigate attacks and threats on schools in Afghanistan. A report commissioned by Save the Children.
At a time of uncertainty for the political future of Afghanistan, refugees in Pakistan, Iran and India are no longer coming back to their country in the same numbers as before. A burden for their host countries, the Afghan youth in particular is pressured into returning home says Director Majidi, but their lack of opportunities means there are great risks of instability in the coming years.
Evaluating UNHCR shelter programme’s contribution to reintegration outcomes for returnees and IDPs. A decade and 220,000 units built: what should be the future of the shelter strategy? Analysis based on a sample of 4,488 respondents in 15 Afghan provinces.
Samuel Hall greatly contributed to UNDP’s Assessment of Development Results for Afghanistan through its NABDP Beneficiary Fieldwork. The ADR covered the period from 2002 to 2008. From its initial focus on early recovery, the UNDP programme has evolved towards an increasingly substantive contribution to the cause of security and development in Afghanistan. UNDP has increasingly understood the importance of the institutions of democracy, state and rule of law in ensuring a smooth transition process with prospects of long-term peace and development.
STRATEGIC SUPPORT FOR A SHIFT TOWARD RESILIENCE ACTIVITIES
Emergency relief in a protracted crisis is like bailing water in a leaky boat. No matter how fast you dump the water, the boat will continue to fill with water if the leaks are not addressed. The concept of resilience has caught on in recent years as humanitarian actors shift from focusing solely on relief to addressing underlying vulnerabilities. Samuel Hall has helped a number of humanitarian actors with strategic shifts toward resilience activities. This document shares some of our lessons learned, drawing on the example case of our work in northern Afghanistan for the NGO People in Need.
A team at Samuel Hall has been carrying out this research for the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Project Director Sarah Cramer presented preliminary findings of Samuel Hall research on human trafficking in Afghanistan at the Global Online Counter Child Trafficking Conference on 17 October
SURVEY COMMISSIONED BY THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)
The World Food Programme (WFP) implements Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) worldwide to assist communities that have suffered from a natural or man-made disaster and have yet to re-establish their livelihoods. Samuel Hall has been asked by WFP – since 2010 – to provide M&E and strategic expertise to support WFP programming in Afghanistan. As a case study of this collaboration, this document outlines Samuel Hall’s work on monitoring of WFP’s FFT activities in Afghanistan.
This series of consultation workshops with ILO and IOM was aimed at brainstorming on the content of the then upcoming National Labour Migration Policy (NLMP). Proposals and suggestions shared by stakeholders were incorporated in the NLMP.
For providing immediate relief to disaster-affected populations and easing their road to recovery, cash transfers provide a complementary or alternate instrument to traditional food or non-food item distribution. In recent years, mobile cash transfers have emerged as a new alternative to the more traditional voucher systems or in-person cash transfer mechanisms. This document provides highlights from an evaluation conducted by Samuel Hall on cash assistance programmes in humanitarian settings.
REVISING UNHCR’S SHELTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
What happens after a refugee crisis when the hundreds, thousands, or even millions of displaced persons return home? How do they start all over again? Humanitarian organisations have been grappling with these questions since the mid-20th century. In 2012, Samuel Hall helped UNHCR adapt its Shelter Assistance Programme to the needs and challenges of the Afghan context by conducting a comprehensive study to inform present and future programming.
Samuel Hall’s in-depth multi-sector assessment of four districts Eastern Afghanistan – high refugee return & IDP locations – to develop a strategy for community-based protection programming for ChildFund.
The aim of this study was to provide a detailed labour market assessment of displaced populations (returnees and IDPs) in select locations in urban Afghanistan to inform DRC’s future programming in and outside of Kabul. Samuel Hall researchers aimed to assist DRC in planning for its livelihoods programming by answering the following key research question: ‘What are the segments of the Afghan urban labour market with the biggest labour supply gaps and future opportunities for displaced populations?’
Even though Afghanistan’s mineral deposits are estimated to be worth trillions of dollars, the country’s population is still very far from benefiting from such resources. Not only do workers face extremely difficult working conditions, Samuel Hall Co-Director Hervé Nicolle also mentions the necessary degree of scepticism that should be applied to the general situation. A variety of factors need to be in place for the wealth to be distributed.
This 2nd context analysis for WFP Afghanistan elaborates on a series of likely scenarios (2013-2016) for humanitarian planning and programming during Transition. An edited piece with leading scholars – Dorronsoro, Giustozzi – on Afghanistan.
This report examines the work of Womanity Foundation in 3 model Afghan schools in Kabul and Kapisa provinces. The ‘School in a Box’ initiative aims at creating model institutions for girl’s education that can function as learning hubs.
Samuel Hall assesses the impacts of the ACH project and the feasibility of the planned construction of a new house to assist Afghan children who require specialized health care and high-quality surgical care, provided by the French Medical Institute for Children (FMIC).