The present study’s first aim was to review the relevance and impact of the strategic choice made by GIZ BEPA’s to use community mobilization as a conduit for the promotion of girls’ secondary education. Its second aim was to evaluate the quality of implementation and sustainability of the programme; and finally, it will provide GIZ with practical recommendations for the improvement and potential extension of the programme.
UNMAS and the Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan (MAPA) are in a paradoxical situation. Successful and increasingly efficient over the past six years, the MAPA is now in a delicate position to negotiate the years to come, as it struggles to secure the yearly funding it needs to allow Afghanistan to fulfil its treaty obligations.
In a challenging Afghan environment, Cash Transfer Programmes (CTPs) have proven to be an efficient, safe, and flexible assistance tool that has delivered all or part of a response: i) in emergency or development situations; ii) across a large spectrum of activities (livelihoods, WASH, food security), and iii) in diverse geographic locations (urban and rural communities). To fuel the on-going debate, we listed for OCHA key findings and lessons learned from Samuel Hall’s most recent publications.
Our team presented in Bamyan initial findings of the report covering the baseline evaluation of the Central Highlands Programme focused on assisting rural communities in Central Afghanistan through the support of GERES, Madera and Solidarités, three French NGOs funded by the AFD.
In 2011, the ILO Kabul Office published Buried in bricks: A rapid assessment of bonded labour in brick kilns in Afghanistan, a ground-breaking study on the extent and nature of one of the most prevalent yet least known forms of hazardous child labour and bonded labour in brick kilns in two provinces in Afghanistan. The report identified the actors involved in exacting forced and child labour in brick kilns in the country and those intervening to combat it, and examined the situation of specific vulnerable population groups and the structure of debt bondage in the sector and beyond. This follow-up study, Breaking the mould: Occupational safety hazards faced by children working in brick kilns in Afghanistan, based on research undertaken in 2013, digs deeper into the evidence on the health of children working in brick kilns in Afghanistan. It examines the specific occupational safety and health hazards they face, taking gender differences into consideration, and examines possible remediation measures. The new study compares the health of children working in brick kilns with their siblings and other children who do not work in the kilns. Guided by the World Health Organisation’s conceptual framework on the social determinants of health, it examines mental and social well-being as well as physical health.
This seminar, organised by DIIS in Copenhagen, analysed the environment and operational context of “2014 Afghanistan”, focusing on the broader context of intervention, deportation and re-integration. It addressed the following questions: What situation do Afghan deportees return to? What is the broader economic context? And what are possible areas of intervention to assist them? As part of this event, Nassim Majidi spoke on – ‘What happens post-deportation? Deportee Youth in Kabul’, and Hervé Nicolle talked about ‘Programming Interventions: Responses in Times of Crisis’.
On August 21st, 2014, the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief and Development (ACBAR) hosted the first regional workshop on Afghan refugees – inviting key United Nations agencies, international and national NGOs to discuss the challenges and opportunities facing Afghan refugees and returnees. This workshop, that saw Samuel Hall actively participating and consolidating the report, is a first step towards a coordinated response to the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Child labour is an inescapable reality in Afghanistan with a recent study reporting that 25% of children aged 5 to 14 participate in labour activities. Carpet-weaving is a sector that particularly lends itself to child labour and Goodweave aims to combat this practice.
The objective is to inform DFID about the effectiveness and value for money of setting up emergency short-term, cash-based projects for disaster affected populations. It contributes to DFID’s humanitarian knowledge base on the use of mobile technology for emergency food needs.
The Youth Education Pack project targets male and female youth in Herat, Faryab and Nangarhar in Afghanistan. It provides life skills training, vocational training and literacy and numeracy training to vulnerable and illiterate youth under poverty level. The target group includes refugees, returnees and IDPs along with host communities. This report is an evaluation of the YEP project using the OECD-DAC criteria and substantive quantitative, qualitative and contextual information from the field.
An event featuring all revelant Afghan stakeholders such as the MoPH, WFP and others, enabled Samuel Hall to conduct a brainstorming session aimed at highlighting necessary strategies for the proper implementation of a media campain on fortified foods.
The first Migration Profile for Afghanistan is a tool for enhancing policy coherence, evidence-based policymaking and the mainstreaming of migration into development planning. Due to security challenges and limited institutional capacities in data collection, a lack of reliable migration data poses challenges to policymakers in Afghanistan to develop appropriate migration policies and relevant migration programmes.
It provides detailed information on the migration patterns in Afghanistan with a focus on circular migration and remittances.
Today refugee movements no longer characterize the primary source of Afghan migration. Migration in search of livelihoods is currently the primary reason for migration and this occurs through rural–urban migration in Afghanistan or circular migration patterns as Afghans cross into Pakistan and/or the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The Migration Profile is structured in five main parts: Part A: Afghanistan – A Country in Context, Part B: Migration Trends and Migration Characteristics, Part C: Impacts of Migration, Part D: Migration Governance, Part E: Key Findings, Policy Implications and Recommendations.
This report was authored by the Norwegian Refugee Council with research conducted by Samuel Hall and NRC. The objective of the study is to summarise trends from NRC’s legal case analysis and identify the challenges faced by displaced women in accessing their housing, land and property (HLP) rights. This study offers evidence and guidance for policymakers and NRC to help eliminate – not just outcomes – of gender inequality.
This study is among the first to document and inform policy and action to address child labour in the Afghan carpet sector, through an analysis of child labour in the carpet weaving value chain.
In this context of increasing internal displacement, urbanization and winter-related vulnerabilities, Welthungerhilfe (WHH) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) are actively providing, in the KIS, targeted assistance to enhance the livelihood potential of IDP households. During the harsh winters, WHH and DRC work with members of the KIS Task Force to coordinate emergency response and a comprehensive winterization plan. Samuel Hall was commissioned to undertake an evaluation of the 2013/2014 winter’s cash interventions through a three-phased approach including a baseline, midline and endline survey of their winter cash assistance activities in the KIS through a field- and evidence-based, quantitative and qualitative research study.
A Research study in Faryab, Afghanistan
The labour market in Faryab is characterized by high rates of underemployment, low wages, and unskilled and irregular employment. Like most of Afghanistan, the main source of employment is agriculture and livestock. Deeply held cultural traditions reinforce strong gender divides in the labour market. Many women cannot work outside of their homes or travel to local markets to buy and sell domestic produce. As the tempo of international engagement in Afghanistan changes, policy makers and development practitioners are placing increasing emphasis on stimulating independent economic growth. One of the key strands of this emphasis is entrepreneurship, especially for women, who represent a largely untapped labour resource in Afghanistan. But where can women find a foothold in an already overcrowded labour market? What barriers do they face, and how can they be overcome?
A Survey of Mining Communities in Afghanistan
The lure of Afghanistan’s mineral wealth has attracted speculation for centuries. In today’s context of political transition and military handover, it is tempting to view Afghanistan’s natural resources as a panacea for slow economic growth. Expectations, from government to grass root are high. However, a lack of basic infrastructure, an unfavourable legislative climate and insecurity deter many potential investors, and it will be many years before Afghanistan can begin to reap the benefits of its natural resources. This delay is beginning to take its toll on local communities – many of whom live in poor, isolated areas.
This baseline evaluation report for ACTED’s GEC implementation programme in Faryab comes at an important moment for the NGO, for Afghanistan and for the future of development assistance in areas marred by conflict. Not only is this survey unique in its structure and scope, but it is also the very first of three external baselines done in Afghanistan for DFID’s implementing partners. As such, it has the potential of serving as a benchmark for the other NGOs and for other large education projects that may or may not be undertaken in Afghanistan in the coming years.
A Market Study in Bamyan and Kunduz
Amidst high levels of aid dependency and a gradual drawdown of international aid, Samuel Hall is undertaking economic research for stakeholders who aim to encourage independent economic growth and private sector development in Afghanistan. Microfinance is at the grass roots of this focus, and aims at providing financial autonomy and purchasing power to the average citizen. Microfinance draws people into formalised market transactions and lays the foundations for greater participation in the national economy – both of which are critical components of Afghanistan’s economic development.
This study presents the results of IOM’s IDP Movement Tracking and Needs and Vulnerability Analysis Exercise conducted in Dec 2013 by Samuel Hall. It seeks to provide IOM – and its migration and displacement partners – with field-based evidence of issues that negatively impact both conflict and natural disaster-induced IDPs in Afghanistan. The focus of this report is on the provinces of Herat (West) and Helmand (South), pre-selected by IOM and identified in OCHA’s humanitarian overview as provinces that ranked highest on vulnerability indicators collected by clusters