A Research study in Faryab, Afghanistan
The labour market in Faryab is characterized by high rates of underemployment, low wages, and unskilled and irregular employment. Like most of Afghanistan, the main source of employment is agriculture and livestock. Deeply held cultural traditions reinforce strong gender divides in the labour market. Many women cannot work outside of their homes or travel to local markets to buy and sell domestic produce. As the tempo of international engagement in Afghanistan changes, policy makers and development practitioners are placing increasing emphasis on stimulating independent economic growth. One of the key strands of this emphasis is entrepreneurship, especially for women, who represent a largely untapped labour resource in Afghanistan. But where can women find a foothold in an already overcrowded labour market? What barriers do they face, and how can they be overcome?
A Survey of Mining Communities in Afghanistan
The lure of Afghanistan’s mineral wealth has attracted speculation for centuries. In today’s context of political transition and military handover, it is tempting to view Afghanistan’s natural resources as a panacea for slow economic growth. Expectations, from government to grass root are high. However, a lack of basic infrastructure, an unfavourable legislative climate and insecurity deter many potential investors, and it will be many years before Afghanistan can begin to reap the benefits of its natural resources. This delay is beginning to take its toll on local communities – many of whom live in poor, isolated areas.
This baseline evaluation report for ACTED’s GEC implementation programme in Faryab comes at an important moment for the NGO, for Afghanistan and for the future of development assistance in areas marred by conflict. Not only is this survey unique in its structure and scope, but it is also the very first of three external baselines done in Afghanistan for DFID’s implementing partners. As such, it has the potential of serving as a benchmark for the other NGOs and for other large education projects that may or may not be undertaken in Afghanistan in the coming years.
A Market Study in Bamyan and Kunduz
Amidst high levels of aid dependency and a gradual drawdown of international aid, Samuel Hall is undertaking economic research for stakeholders who aim to encourage independent economic growth and private sector development in Afghanistan. Microfinance is at the grass roots of this focus, and aims at providing financial autonomy and purchasing power to the average citizen. Microfinance draws people into formalised market transactions and lays the foundations for greater participation in the national economy – both of which are critical components of Afghanistan’s economic development.
This study presents the results of IOM’s IDP Movement Tracking and Needs and Vulnerability Analysis Exercise conducted in Dec 2013 by Samuel Hall. It seeks to provide IOM – and its migration and displacement partners – with field-based evidence of issues that negatively impact both conflict and natural disaster-induced IDPs in Afghanistan. The focus of this report is on the provinces of Herat (West) and Helmand (South), pre-selected by IOM and identified in OCHA’s humanitarian overview as provinces that ranked highest on vulnerability indicators collected by clusters
We are pleased to publish our first Annual Report for 2013-14. At this critical juncture, we reflect on and share some of our key developments with you. This report highlights some of our work in Afghanistan, Yemen and East Africa and the partnerships we have forged over the last year.
According to the latest edition of Forced Migration Review, which looks at Afghanistan’s displaced people and their prospects after foreign troops withdraw this year, displaced Afghan women are especially vulnerable to exploitation and violence because of their often reduced circumstances, according to a piece by Camille Hennion, project director at the Kabul-based Samuel Hall research group.
They live mostly in slums, are the largest refugee population anywhere in the world, and feel abandoned by their politicians as their country goes to the polls. Across the border in Pakistan, there are at least 1.6 million registered Afghan refugees. Experts say there are many more in reality – and they have no right to vote back home. Director Nassim Majidi shares her insights.
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.
As the Deputy Ministry of Youth Affairs, drafts the National Youth Policy of Afghanistan, this report commissioned by DMoYA, UNFPA, UNDP and UNICEF is a first of its kind to be a dedicated, up-to-date document on the youth. The purpose of this report is to understand the conditions, aspirations and current state of youth in Afghanistan.
This report assesses the overall situation of women in Afghanistan across key sectors, acting as a follow-up to the report published by the World Bank in 2005, entitled Afghanistan: National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction – Role of Women in Afghanistan’s Future. This report has relied on national databases and quantitative surveys (where they exist), qualitative and perception-based surveys, program evaluations, qualitative research conducted in focused sites around the country, and a series of key interviews with donors, government departments, UN agencies, NGOs and civil society actors.
For a topic that conjures vivid images in the public imagination, trafficking in persons remains largely misunderstood as the forcible movement of people. Yet, other disquieting images—the child bride given to resolve a conflict, the “dancing boy” kept as a sex slave, and the household toiling in bonded labour—are also forms of human trafficking. While these examples are drawn from the Afghan context, trafficking in persons (TIP) remains a global scourge with national and regional variations in terms of trends, prevalence, and acceptance. This report is intended to provide greater understanding of internal and cross-border TIP trends in Afghanistan by: i) clarifying concepts, ii) exploring causes and determinants of trafficking; iii) analysing trafficking patterns and trends; and iv) identifying lessons learned from applied counter-trafficking approaches.
Over 76% of Afghans have been forcibly displaced during their lifetime. In a situation of high vulnerabilities but low resilience, what is – and what can be – the response to Afghan women’s need for protection in displacement?
UNDERSTANDING THE STAKES OF THE EVAW IN AFGHANISTAN
The Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) Law is an Afghan law passed by presidential decree in 2009 that criminalises acts of violence against women. Since March 2013, EVAW Law implementation has stagnated, jeopardising progress achieved. What has caused such a drastic change? Is it public perception that hinders acceptance of this law or does the root of the problem lie deeper? In 2013, Samuel Hall conducted an evaluation of UN Women’s support to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) in implementing the EVAW Law through the EVAW Commission Project. This document shares some of Samuel Hall’s analysis of the current stakes for the EVAW Law, while the full report evaluates the activities of the UN Women EVAW Commission project.
A STOCKTAKING EXERCISE OF THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN
After initial troop deployment in Afghanistan in 2001, policy makers turned their attention to humanitarian rights – particularly women’s rights. With some of the worst health and mortality figures in the world, low levels of literacy and continuing insecurity, men and women in Afghanistan face tough challenges. The information presented in this report highlights areas in which improvements have been made, areas in which significant improvement has been lacking and areas for focus in the years ahead. The report takes stock of changes in gender mainstreaming since the 2005 WB report.
A GBV AND CHILD PROTECTION PROGRAMME STRATEGY
Gender-based Violence (GBV) and Violations of Child Rights are not mutually exclusive categories. Whilst GBV can include children, violations of child rights can occur in the form of GBV. In Afghanistan, both of these are a hard reality. Yet, certain groups of children do not fall under the radar of stakeholders. This research project focuses on two extremely sensitive, yet critical concepts and endemic operational issues: GBV and Child Protection (CP). The aim of this research is to provide a roadmap to programming in these areas that will realistically: a) address the needs of the people and b) allow for optimum use of present capacity and resources.
THE CHALLENGE OF MAKING AFGHAN SCHOOLS SAFE FOR EDUCATION
In Afghanistan, children’s access to education has improved considerably during the last decade. Yet, security continues to deteriorate in many parts of the country, placing education gains for many children at risk. Schools, students, and educators in conflict settings are direct targets of threats and attacks. This document provides highlights from research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for Save the Children International (SCI) in 2013.
This study aims to understand the coping mechanisms that individuals, communities, civil society and authorities use to mitigate attacks and threats on schools in Afghanistan. A report commissioned by Save the Children.
At a time of uncertainty for the political future of Afghanistan, refugees in Pakistan, Iran and India are no longer coming back to their country in the same numbers as before. A burden for their host countries, the Afghan youth in particular is pressured into returning home says Director Majidi, but their lack of opportunities means there are great risks of instability in the coming years.
Evaluating UNHCR shelter programme’s contribution to reintegration outcomes for returnees and IDPs. A decade and 220,000 units built: what should be the future of the shelter strategy? Analysis based on a sample of 4,488 respondents in 15 Afghan provinces.