The Brussels conference, to which Samuel Hall Directors participated, gave an insight into the migratory challenges of Afghanistan. Given the country’s culture of migration going back several centuries, the 2014 transition has put extra pressure on Afghan youth to leave. Leaving out this large demographic is a social time bomb and Samuel Hall is trying to shift the discourse accordingly.
Co-Director Hervé Nicolle points out that today, everything in Afghanistan revolves around migration and employment. These two factors fuel and concerns-but also our hopes-for the future. There is a serious risk of humanitarian disasters in urban areas where basic services such as water and electricity are missing. The dramatic increase in numbers of people living around those areas might very well exert an unmanageable pressure.
How complex is Afghan migration and what are the challenges associated with it? These questions were addressed at a workshop hosted by the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance in Brussels (8-9 April 2013) with the participation of Samuel Hall.
The purpose of this Country Gender Profile is to stimulate gender mainstreaming in JICA programs and projects in Afghanistan. The Country Gender Profile will serve as reference material for JICA personnel in formulating its assistance plans, programs and projects with gender perspectives in the country.
The 2-year study questions key assumptions of WFP relief and recovery activities through an assessment of their actual socio-economic impact focusing on three core activities (FFA, FFT and FFW) and cash voucher modalities. 4,012 households were interviewed in 10 provinces.
This event at the Kabul Star Hotel in Kabul, bringing together stakeholders from various sectors, was aimed at collecting additional feedback on the report’s findings regarding HLP rights for women, in order to stregthen the final product and produce recommendations. Several Samuel Hall staff presented key sections of the draft report commissioned by NRC.
This report presents the findings from a baseline survey of Concern WorldWide’s Food Income & Markets Programme in Takhar and Badakhshan (Northeast Afghanistan) conducted by Samuel Hall.
Samuel Hall supports strategic efforts of the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) and the World Bank to improve agricultural production and productivity through a Social Assessment of the National Horticulture and Livestock Project (NHLP) and profiles of 23 provinces to develop implementation strategies.
Even though the last decade has seen around six million Afghans return to their country, we are now witnessing what Samuel Hall Co-Director Nassim Majidi calls a ‘negative migration rate’. More people are leaving Afghanistan than coming back. The reason is that migration never actually stopped in the country, and the military transition in 2014 is adding pressure to an already unstable situation. The governments also lack the capacity and the tools to tackle such an issue.
As the Afghan government discusses using NABDP for formal district-level governance structures and as the UNDP reviews its development work in Afghanistan, this Samuel Hall report highlights citizens’ impressions of the program and the direct benefits to beneficiaries.
The Cost of Hunger study captures how much the failure to address under-nutrition ‘costs’ in GDP losses to the Government of Afghanistan. Based on survey data, the paper draws the links between nutritional outcomes and productivity and proposes a model to quantify this relationship.
“While as the Afghan government talks about returns, internally displaced people focus on settling”. Samuel Hall Director Nassim Majidi explains why there is an expectation gap and what can be done to help the most vulnerable communities. Given the presence of almost half a million IDPs in Afghanistan, the challenge ahead for the conflict-ridden country is considerable.
Even though recent surveys show Afghans being confident in their armed forces and hopeful of their future, the reality in the field is very different. As Nassim Majidi says, this is purely political communication.
Conditions in Afghan camps for internally displaced people are becoming so bleak that refugees are considering for the first time moving back to Pakistan or Iran. Through research in these camps, Samuel Hall has uncovered cases of opportunism and discrimination along ethnic lines as well as a breakdown of traditional norms and the general disregard that affect those living in such areas north of Kabul.
Director Nassim Majidi talks about women’s issues in Afghanistan. Even though real advances have been made, the situation remains fragile and at risk of suffering from major setbacks once the majority of foreign forces leaves the country. Education, health and labour being the main areas of progress, ten years of foreign involvement cannot change a social model that has been going on for centuries.
There are over 50 Kabul informal settlements (KIS) where returnees and IDPs live in extreme poverty. Skills upgrading can be an effective policy to strengthen local integration; vocational training can lead to increased productivity and higher income. This third study by Samuel Hall on the living conditions of IDPs contributes to the knowledge needed to mainstream protection in policy responses.
To redefine its country strategy for Afghanistan, WFP commissioned Samuel Hall to recommend a new Partnership Strategy. This study provides a representative landscape of the existing and potential partnerships between WFP, humanitarian and development actors in Afghanistan.
This report – based on research from Samuel Hall Consulting and commissioned by the Norwegian Refugee Council – provides the first systematic overview of protection of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan. It combines the voices of IDPs with analysis of the decision-making processes shaping responses to internal displacement.
HALO Trust has reintegrated more than 300 former Taliban and Hezbi Islami combatants in Baghlan and Kunduz provinces into its demining ranks and trained them as community-based deminers. This case study examines the work that HALO Trust has done to support the APRP’s reintegration of former combatants.
This evaluation analyses the impact and sustainability of the PSH project in the context of natural resources management in Bamyan and Afghanistan, taking into consideration the positive effects that a reduction in fuel use can have on fragile and depleted rangelands.