This study is a rapid assessment of one of the most prevalent, yet least known, forms of hazardous labour in Afghanistan – for both children and adults – and one of the worst forms of labour for children in particular. Narrowing in on one sector, this report strives to provide an accurate depiction of bonded labour practices in brick kilns in two provinces of Afghanistan.
This economic assessment report is based on desk research, labour market assessments and analyses and key stakeholder interviews in the four targeted provinces – Balkh, Baghlan, Kunduz and Kandahar – to identify growth sectors and jobs and technical vocational skills in greatest demand in each province in order to inform a skills training programme design process.
Over the last decade, the international community has allocated billions of dollars in funding for programming in livelihoods, service provision and social protection; however there has been little accompanying investment in research as a sector or as an internal capacity. Livelihoods remain under researched in Afghanistan.
Afghan businesses’ lack of legal knowledge and access to legal advice frustrates economic growth in the region. Improved access would bring increased certainty to the marketplace, decrease business risk, and stimulate more informed business decision-making and domestic investment in the north of Afghanistan.