Value Chain and Rapid Market Assessment – Policy Brief
Under the context of protracted conflict, geo-political upheaval and severe drought, traditional markets have been disrupted and critical infrastructure has been eroded. The newly created Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has outlined economic growth as a central policy but has had little opportunity to invest in it. However local markets are still suffering from external shocks such as drought and conflict affecting informal agricultural and rural economy, mass internal displacement towards rapid urbanization and repatriation programs for refugees in neighbouring countries. This document provides highlights from a market and value chain research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for the International labour Organisation (ILO) in 2014 in Baidoa and Beletweyne districts in Somalia.
Part of a peace and conflict assessment, a workshop between all relevant GIZ departments enabled Samuel Hall to present initial assessment findings and dig deeper into the issues faced by donors with regards to teaching and the mining sector in Afghanistan.
This report provides an evidence-based strategy for increasing employment opportunities and skills training for youths, women and IDPs in Baidoa and Beletweyne districts in Somalia. This is both a timely and necessary exercise as the Federal Government of Somalia continues to implement development and rehabilitation projects based on the five Peacebuilding and Security Goals (PSGs) of the New Deal.
In a challenging Afghan environment, Cash Transfer Programmes (CTPs) have proven to be an efficient, safe, and flexible assistance tool that has delivered all or part of a response: i) in emergency or development situations; ii) across a large spectrum of activities (livelihoods, WASH, food security), and iii) in diverse geographic locations (urban and rural communities). To fuel the on-going debate, we listed for OCHA key findings and lessons learned from Samuel Hall’s most recent publications.
Our team presented in Bamyan initial findings of the report covering the baseline evaluation of the Central Highlands Programme focused on assisting rural communities in Central Afghanistan through the support of GERES, Madera and Solidarités, three French NGOs funded by the AFD.
This evaluation presents key findings from an assessment of IOM’s return and reintegration activities (2008 – 2013) in the provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Heart in Afghanistan. These activities included: post-arrival assistance, livelihood assistance and shelter assistance for deported and voluntary returnees and other vulnerable groups. The evaluation draws lessons on the relevance and impact of return and reintegration activities – these lessons can be used to strengthen future iterations of these projects in Afghanistan, and can provide lessons learned for other country contexts. Building on the strengths of IOM, this evaluation recommends actions to allow the organisation to reach its current achievements, address, and increase the wellbeing levels of uprooted people.
Child labour is an inescapable reality in Afghanistan with a recent study reporting that 25% of children aged 5 to 14 participate in labour activities. Carpet-weaving is a sector that particularly lends itself to child labour and Goodweave aims to combat this practice.
The objective is to inform DFID about the effectiveness and value for money of setting up emergency short-term, cash-based projects for disaster affected populations. It contributes to DFID’s humanitarian knowledge base on the use of mobile technology for emergency food needs.
This study is among the first to document and inform policy and action to address child labour in the Afghan carpet sector, through an analysis of child labour in the carpet weaving value chain.
A Research study in Faryab, Afghanistan
The labour market in Faryab is characterized by high rates of underemployment, low wages, and unskilled and irregular employment. Like most of Afghanistan, the main source of employment is agriculture and livestock. Deeply held cultural traditions reinforce strong gender divides in the labour market. Many women cannot work outside of their homes or travel to local markets to buy and sell domestic produce. As the tempo of international engagement in Afghanistan changes, policy makers and development practitioners are placing increasing emphasis on stimulating independent economic growth. One of the key strands of this emphasis is entrepreneurship, especially for women, who represent a largely untapped labour resource in Afghanistan. But where can women find a foothold in an already overcrowded labour market? What barriers do they face, and how can they be overcome?
A Market Study in Bamyan and Kunduz
Amidst high levels of aid dependency and a gradual drawdown of international aid, Samuel Hall is undertaking economic research for stakeholders who aim to encourage independent economic growth and private sector development in Afghanistan. Microfinance is at the grass roots of this focus, and aims at providing financial autonomy and purchasing power to the average citizen. Microfinance draws people into formalised market transactions and lays the foundations for greater participation in the national economy – both of which are critical components of Afghanistan’s economic development.
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.