This evaluation presents key findings from an assessment of IOM’s return and reintegration activities (2008 – 2013) in the provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Heart in Afghanistan. These activities included: post-arrival assistance, livelihood assistance and shelter assistance for deported and voluntary returnees and other vulnerable groups. The evaluation draws lessons on the relevance and impact of return and reintegration activities – these lessons can be used to strengthen future iterations of these projects in Afghanistan, and can provide lessons learned for other country contexts. Building on the strengths of IOM, this evaluation recommends actions to allow the organisation to reach its current achievements, address, and increase the wellbeing levels of uprooted people.
Child labour is an inescapable reality in Afghanistan with a recent study reporting that 25% of children aged 5 to 14 participate in labour activities. Carpet-weaving is a sector that particularly lends itself to child labour and Goodweave aims to combat this practice.
The objective is to inform DFID about the effectiveness and value for money of setting up emergency short-term, cash-based projects for disaster affected populations. It contributes to DFID’s humanitarian knowledge base on the use of mobile technology for emergency food needs.
This study is among the first to document and inform policy and action to address child labour in the Afghan carpet sector, through an analysis of child labour in the carpet weaving value chain.
A Research study in Faryab, Afghanistan
The labour market in Faryab is characterized by high rates of underemployment, low wages, and unskilled and irregular employment. Like most of Afghanistan, the main source of employment is agriculture and livestock. Deeply held cultural traditions reinforce strong gender divides in the labour market. Many women cannot work outside of their homes or travel to local markets to buy and sell domestic produce. As the tempo of international engagement in Afghanistan changes, policy makers and development practitioners are placing increasing emphasis on stimulating independent economic growth. One of the key strands of this emphasis is entrepreneurship, especially for women, who represent a largely untapped labour resource in Afghanistan. But where can women find a foothold in an already overcrowded labour market? What barriers do they face, and how can they be overcome?
A Market Study in Bamyan and Kunduz
Amidst high levels of aid dependency and a gradual drawdown of international aid, Samuel Hall is undertaking economic research for stakeholders who aim to encourage independent economic growth and private sector development in Afghanistan. Microfinance is at the grass roots of this focus, and aims at providing financial autonomy and purchasing power to the average citizen. Microfinance draws people into formalised market transactions and lays the foundations for greater participation in the national economy – both of which are critical components of Afghanistan’s economic development.
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.
Samuel Hall greatly contributed to UNDP’s Assessment of Development Results for Afghanistan through its NABDP Beneficiary Fieldwork. The ADR covered the period from 2002 to 2008. From its initial focus on early recovery, the UNDP programme has evolved towards an increasingly substantive contribution to the cause of security and development in Afghanistan. UNDP has increasingly understood the importance of the institutions of democracy, state and rule of law in ensuring a smooth transition process with prospects of long-term peace and development.
This 2nd context analysis for WFP Afghanistan elaborates on a series of likely scenarios (2013-2016) for humanitarian planning and programming during Transition. An edited piece with leading scholars – Dorronsoro, Giustozzi – on Afghanistan.
Natural resource abundance can be an advantage for growth and development if coupled with effective economic policies, structural development and efficient institutional arrangements. We discuss economic and policy recommendations to overcome the “resource curse” for Afghanistan.
This report presents the findings from a baseline survey of Concern WorldWide’s Food Income & Markets Programme in Takhar and Badakhshan (Northeast Afghanistan) conducted by Samuel Hall.
Samuel Hall supports strategic efforts of the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) and the World Bank to improve agricultural production and productivity through a Social Assessment of the National Horticulture and Livestock Project (NHLP) and profiles of 23 provinces to develop implementation strategies.
The Cost of Hunger study captures how much the failure to address under-nutrition ‘costs’ in GDP losses to the Government of Afghanistan. Based on survey data, the paper draws the links between nutritional outcomes and productivity and proposes a model to quantify this relationship.
There are over 50 Kabul informal settlements (KIS) where returnees and IDPs live in extreme poverty. Skills upgrading can be an effective policy to strengthen local integration; vocational training can lead to increased productivity and higher income. This third study by Samuel Hall on the living conditions of IDPs contributes to the knowledge needed to mainstream protection in policy responses.
To redefine its country strategy for Afghanistan, WFP commissioned Samuel Hall to recommend a new Partnership Strategy. This study provides a representative landscape of the existing and potential partnerships between WFP, humanitarian and development actors in Afghanistan.
Among the obstacles faced by private actors in the development of their business come regularly three major challenges: security, corruption and lack of electricity. Beyond these obvious issues, private actors also long for a sound business environment based on clear and respected regulatory frameworks and guidelines. Among them, the development of national standards is crucial.
This evaluation analyses the impact and sustainability of the PSH project in the context of natural resources management in Bamyan and Afghanistan, taking into consideration the positive effects that a reduction in fuel use can have on fragile and depleted rangelands.
This study calls for a longer-term approach to development in Afghanistan, in which employment and decent work take a central role. While this is a major challenge given the uncertainties facing the country, a balance must be found between the urgency of stabilization and creating more sustainable jobs that lift people out of poverty.
In 2013, WFP will have to adapt to both internal and external evolutions. Externally, it will have to adjust to the political transition looking forward to 2014 and to the an expected focus from donors on sustainable development. Internally, their next Country Portfolio Evaluation will frame the organization’s strategy for the coming years.
This evaluation examines one particular component of Mission East’s work in Afghanistan: Self-Help Groups (SHGs). The purpose of this report is to evaluate the SHG initiative in its current condition and assess its future potential within the context of the broader Mission East strategy in Afghanistan.