“Measuring Sustainable Reintegration”, in Migration Policy Practice, by Nassim Majidi and Nazanine Nozarian

Return triggers the uncertain process of reintegration. Evidence shows that the moment of return is the beginning of a process that takes
time, is multidimensional and is often non-linear. This article published in Migration Policy Practice, Volume IX, no 1, delves deeper into the process of reintegration.

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Dubai Cares – Watoto Kwanza: Final Evaluation

The importance of early childhood education (ECE) to a child’s life has recently been gaining in prominence worldwide, including Zanzibar. The present study assesses the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the Watoto Kwanza project, designed to address some of the key challenges facing Zanzibar’s ECE sector as of 2013. With funding by Dubai Cares, the Aga Khan Foundation, the Madrassa Early Childhood Programme – Zanzibar and the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training jointly implemented the Watoto Kwanza project from 2014 to 2017 across Zanzibar’s two main islands, Unguja and Pemba. In addition to evaluating the three key project elements of Watoto Kwanza – Training and Professional Development of Teachers; Conductive and Constructive Teaching and Learning Environments; and Support Systems and Networks – the research situates these within the currently changing landscape of ECE in Zanzibar and looks ahead to the future of the project’s outcomes. Finally, it proposes recommendations based on these findings at three levels: specific to Watoto Kwanza, specific within the ECE sector, and broader sectoral recommendations.

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UNICEF – Improving Street-Working Children’s Access to Education and Livelihoods Support for their Families

The overall purpose of this evaluation was to determine to what extent this project contributed to the improved well-being and opportunities of participating street-working children and youth by increasing their personal and familial resilience. The primary objective of this project has been to conduct an evaluation of the project itself and provide recommendations for key stakeholders to support street-working children moving forward. In order to do so, it has also gathered information on the context of child labour and protection issues in Afghanistan as needed.

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Dubai Cares – Strengthening Early Childhood Education Programme Evaluation

The overall goal of this research was to conduct an evaluation of the programme considering its effects after conclusion using the OECD-DAC criteria (relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability) to inform Dubai Cares’ design, development and investment in potential future programme iterations, or similar programming in the Afghan context. The research team conducted 1225 surveys with parents and children as well as 20 key informant interviews and 40 focus group discussions including also teachers and other community stakeholders, in order to gather statistically significant results and draw out the details of learning environments and behaviours. The results of this research underline a largely successful programme with strong community involvement. Positive impacts on students, parents and children can clearly be measured. The relevance of the programme is undeniable. Nevertheless, some clear opportunities to inform future programming are also highlighted, particularly in strengthening the impressive community-driven sustainability initiatives.

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UNICEF – Evaluation of the Youth Education Pack Programme in Somalia

Based on the requirements of Global Outcome 5, an evaluation of the UNICEF YEP programme has been commissioned by UNICEF to understand lessons that can be learnt from providing informal education in Somalia, both in the terms of delivering relevant skills that can improve the lives of beneficiaries, and the impact a tailored curriculum can have on peace building in Somalia when drivers of conflict are taken into account. The central question of this evaluation is therefore: ‘Has the implementation of YEP in Somalia had an impact on conflict drivers among marginalised youth by reducing reliance on negative coping and strategies and improving access to sustainable livelihoods?’

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Understanding what works to reduce violence, including violent extremism, is a key priority for many policymakers. Despite this need, to date there is very little research evaluating the effects of development programs on violence reduction. To address this knowledge gap, Mercy Corps undertook a rigorous impact evaluation of a 5-year stability-focused youth program in Somalia known as the Somali Youth Leaders Initiative (SYLI).

This report was written by Beza Tesfaye, Mercy Corps Conflict and Governance Research Manager. Samuel Hall was in charge of all data collection, field reports and preliminary analysis.

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NMFA – Review of Support to ACTED in Faryab

The third phase of the Faryab Sustained Rural Development Program (FSRDP), funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and implemented by the Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED), began in 2013, with the primary goal of sustaining rural development in nine districts of Faryab province. Given the current worsening security situation in Afghanistan broadly and Faryab province more specifically, this evaluation is particularly timely: the identification of the success and challenges of existing of the current project are necessary to identify a realistic roadmap for the NFMA and ACTED, as this will prove a pivotal time in identifying necessary internal and external changes. While the study showed that, broadly, ACTED’s work to date has been both relevant and, given the clear implementation challenges faced, successful, it also poses serious questions around the current programme model’s applicability and sustainability moving forward.

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The school-in-a-box programme is a broad educational initiative, created and implemented by the Womanity Foundation. Launched in 2007, the programme was developed while working at the Al Fatah School in Kabul and as of 2015 has been replicated in 11 other public schools. The programme aims to improve the quality of girls’ primary and secondary education in Afghanistan through teacher training, student counselling, improvements in infrastructure, and community outreach. This evaluation, the fourth of its kind, was commissioned to assess conditions at twelve schools where the programme is completed or ongoing, as well as three schools where it is soon expected to commence.

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DRC – Great Lakes Civil Society Project

Samuel Hall was commissioned by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) in October 2014 to conduct a mid-term review of the second phase of the Great Lakes Civil Society Programme (GLP), a regional programme implemented since January 2010 by DRC with funding from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). The vision of GLP is for civil society to hold governments accountable to the commitments made for the protection of displaced persons in their country, by proposing realistic policy solutions to conflict and displacement.

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GIZ – Evaluation of the Basic Education Programme for Afghanistan

The present study’s first aim was to review the relevance and impact of the strategic choice made by GIZ BEPA’s to use community mobilization as a conduit for the promotion of girls’ secondary education. Its second aim was  to evaluate the quality of implementation and sustainability of the programme; and finally, it will provide GIZ with practical recommendations for the improvement and potential extension of the programme.

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UNMAS/UNOPS – Evaluation of the Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan (MAPA)

UNMAS and the Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan (MAPA) are in a paradoxical situation. Successful and increasingly efficient over the past six years, the MAPA is now in a delicate position to negotiate the years to come, as it struggles to secure the yearly funding it needs to allow Afghanistan to fulfil its treaty obligations.

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IOM – Return and Reintegration for Returnees and other Displaced Populations

This evaluation presents key findings from an assessment of IOM’s return and reintegration activities (2008 – 2013) in the provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Heart in Afghanistan. These activities included: post-arrival assistance, livelihood assistance and shelter assistance for deported and voluntary returnees and other vulnerable groups. The evaluation draws lessons on the relevance and impact of return and reintegration activities – these lessons can be used to strengthen future iterations of these projects in Afghanistan, and can provide lessons learned for other country contexts. Building on the strengths of IOM, this evaluation recommends actions to allow the organisation to reach its current achievements, address, and increase the wellbeing levels of uprooted people.

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NRC – Evaluation of the Youth Education Pack Projects in Afghanistan

The Youth Education Pack project targets male and female youth in Herat, Faryab and Nangarhar in Afghanistan. It provides life skills training, vocational training and literacy and numeracy training to vulnerable and illiterate youth under poverty level. The target group includes refugees, returnees and IDPs along with host communities. This report is an evaluation of the YEP project using the OECD-DAC criteria and substantive quantitative, qualitative and contextual information from the field.

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UNHCR/Consortium – Towards Durable Solutions in Somalia

This report highlights the achievements and challenges faced by the Somalia Return Consortium, composed of DRC, FAO, INTERSOS, IOM, Islamic Relief, Mercy Corps, NRC, UNHCR & WFP in implementing the IDP Voluntary Return Programme in Somalia. It reflects on the complex and evolving context in Somalia and perceptions of security for displaced populations. It also analyses the extent to which returnee beneficiaries have been able to achieve durable solutions in their places of return in Somalia.

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WHH/DRC – Cash-Based Assistance Programmes for IDPs in the Kabul Informal Settlements

In this context of increasing internal displacement, urbanization and winter-related vulnerabilities, Welthungerhilfe (WHH) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) are actively providing, in the KIS, targeted assistance to enhance the livelihood potential of IDP households. During the harsh winters, WHH and DRC work with members of the KIS Task Force to coordinate emergency response and a comprehensive winterization plan. Samuel Hall was commissioned to undertake an evaluation of the 2013/2014 winter’s cash interventions through a three-phased approach including a baseline, midline and endline survey of their winter cash assistance activities in the KIS through a field- and evidence-based, quantitative and qualitative research study.

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Seeds of Peace – Conflict Resolution in South Asia: Programme Evaluation

A changing political, social and economic context requires the evaluation to start with a main research question: how can Seeds of Peace adapt its theory of change to the regional and local dynamics in South Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan and India)?

ISAO – Yemen Evaluation of the INGO Safety Advisory Office

Our evaluation of Yemen’s INGO Safety Advisory Office (ISAO) intervenes at a time of increasing political and security uncertainty in Yemen, and a redefinition of INGO roles in conflict and post-conflict settings. How can ISAO contribute to improved security management for INGOs in Yemen?

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UNHCR – Shelter Assistance Programme Evaluation

Evaluating UNHCR shelter programme’s contribution to reintegration outcomes for returnees and IDPs. A decade and 220,000 units built: what should be the future of the shelter strategy? Analysis based on a sample of 4,488 respondents in 15 Afghan provinces.

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The World Food Programme (WFP) implements Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) worldwide to assist communities that have suffered from a natural or man-made disaster and have yet to re-establish their livelihoods. Samuel Hall has been asked by WFP – since 2010 – to provide M&E and strategic expertise to support WFP programming in Afghanistan. As a case study of this collaboration, this document outlines Samuel Hall’s work on monitoring of WFP’s FFT activities in Afghanistan.

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Womanity Foundation – School-in-a-box midline survey 2013

This report examines the work of Womanity Foundation in 3 model Afghan schools in Kabul and Kapisa provinces. The ‘School in a Box’ initiative aims at creating model institutions for girl’s education that can function as learning hubs.

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