The report, prepared and conducted by the Samuel Hall think tank under the IOM DFID-funded MEASURE Project, outlines recommendations to support sustainable reintegration of migrants who return to their home countries in the framework of AVRR programmes.
Older people in Africa are involved in all aspects of the migration chain: they are voluntary or forced migrants themselves, they shape the migration experience of others by funding youth migration and being involved in the decision-making process, they also benefit from remittances. Yet, they remain invisible in migration policy, as well as aid and development planning. This briefing for HelpAge tells the untold story of older people in the migration ecosystem in Africa. It highlights the importance of including older people in migration policies and practice – whether they are left behind, on the move, or returning to their country of origin. It identifies the key challenges facing this generation, explores policy options and calls for more thorough research to improve understanding of the capabilities and needs of older people in situations of migration in Africa.
This Policy Brief, prepared with the support of UNHCR and NRC, is intended to serve as a reference guide to help all stakeholders understand what their role is in supporting the effective implementation of the Policy and to contribute towards ensuring that the rights of IDPs are protected throughout all phases of displacement. This Policy Brief will be disseminated widely and will accompany trainings, sensitization initiatives and workshops planned for national and sub-national levels throughout 2015 to ensure that Afghanistan can live up to its commitment to protect IDPs.
DRC commissioned Samuel Hall for a study on the Somali New Deal Compact and Displacement, under the research framework of the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS), a consortium with an advisory board consisting of ACTED, CARE, DRC, IRC, Mercy Corps, NRC, OXFAM, Refugee Consortium Kenya (RCK) and WVI. the The findings detail the necessity to operationalise displacement as a development issue and outline the multisectoral approach that is required to obtain solutions. The New Deal Compact, with its five peace building and state building goals (PSGs), provides the foundation for such an approach. The study points to concrete possibilities of integrating displacement issues into the implementation of the New Deal Compact, in order to address the key development challenges of Somalia. This study was launched at the side-event to the HLPF organised by DRC and the Solutions Alliance in Copenhagen.
In a challenging Afghan environment, Cash Transfer Programmes (CTPs) have proven to be an efficient, safe, and flexible assistance tool that has delivered all or part of a response: i) in emergency or development situations; ii) across a large spectrum of activities (livelihoods, WASH, food security), and iii) in diverse geographic locations (urban and rural communities). To fuel the on-going debate, we listed for OCHA key findings and lessons learned from Samuel Hall’s most recent publications.
A Research study in Faryab, Afghanistan
The labour market in Faryab is characterized by high rates of underemployment, low wages, and unskilled and irregular employment. Like most of Afghanistan, the main source of employment is agriculture and livestock. Deeply held cultural traditions reinforce strong gender divides in the labour market. Many women cannot work outside of their homes or travel to local markets to buy and sell domestic produce. As the tempo of international engagement in Afghanistan changes, policy makers and development practitioners are placing increasing emphasis on stimulating independent economic growth. One of the key strands of this emphasis is entrepreneurship, especially for women, who represent a largely untapped labour resource in Afghanistan. But where can women find a foothold in an already overcrowded labour market? What barriers do they face, and how can they be overcome?
A Survey of Mining Communities in Afghanistan
The lure of Afghanistan’s mineral wealth has attracted speculation for centuries. In today’s context of political transition and military handover, it is tempting to view Afghanistan’s natural resources as a panacea for slow economic growth. Expectations, from government to grass root are high. However, a lack of basic infrastructure, an unfavourable legislative climate and insecurity deter many potential investors, and it will be many years before Afghanistan can begin to reap the benefits of its natural resources. This delay is beginning to take its toll on local communities – many of whom live in poor, isolated areas.
A Market Study in Bamyan and Kunduz
Amidst high levels of aid dependency and a gradual drawdown of international aid, Samuel Hall is undertaking economic research for stakeholders who aim to encourage independent economic growth and private sector development in Afghanistan. Microfinance is at the grass roots of this focus, and aims at providing financial autonomy and purchasing power to the average citizen. Microfinance draws people into formalised market transactions and lays the foundations for greater participation in the national economy – both of which are critical components of Afghanistan’s economic development.
UNDERSTANDING THE STAKES OF THE EVAW IN AFGHANISTAN
The Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) Law is an Afghan law passed by presidential decree in 2009 that criminalises acts of violence against women. Since March 2013, EVAW Law implementation has stagnated, jeopardising progress achieved. What has caused such a drastic change? Is it public perception that hinders acceptance of this law or does the root of the problem lie deeper? In 2013, Samuel Hall conducted an evaluation of UN Women’s support to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) in implementing the EVAW Law through the EVAW Commission Project. This document shares some of Samuel Hall’s analysis of the current stakes for the EVAW Law, while the full report evaluates the activities of the UN Women EVAW Commission project.
A STOCKTAKING EXERCISE OF THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN
After initial troop deployment in Afghanistan in 2001, policy makers turned their attention to humanitarian rights – particularly women’s rights. With some of the worst health and mortality figures in the world, low levels of literacy and continuing insecurity, men and women in Afghanistan face tough challenges. The information presented in this report highlights areas in which improvements have been made, areas in which significant improvement has been lacking and areas for focus in the years ahead. The report takes stock of changes in gender mainstreaming since the 2005 WB report.
A GBV AND CHILD PROTECTION PROGRAMME STRATEGY
Gender-based Violence (GBV) and Violations of Child Rights are not mutually exclusive categories. Whilst GBV can include children, violations of child rights can occur in the form of GBV. In Afghanistan, both of these are a hard reality. Yet, certain groups of children do not fall under the radar of stakeholders. This research project focuses on two extremely sensitive, yet critical concepts and endemic operational issues: GBV and Child Protection (CP). The aim of this research is to provide a roadmap to programming in these areas that will realistically: a) address the needs of the people and b) allow for optimum use of present capacity and resources.
THE CHALLENGE OF MAKING AFGHAN SCHOOLS SAFE FOR EDUCATION
In Afghanistan, children’s access to education has improved considerably during the last decade. Yet, security continues to deteriorate in many parts of the country, placing education gains for many children at risk. Schools, students, and educators in conflict settings are direct targets of threats and attacks. This document provides highlights from research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for Save the Children International (SCI) in 2013.
STRATEGIC SUPPORT FOR A SHIFT TOWARD RESILIENCE ACTIVITIES
Emergency relief in a protracted crisis is like bailing water in a leaky boat. No matter how fast you dump the water, the boat will continue to fill with water if the leaks are not addressed. The concept of resilience has caught on in recent years as humanitarian actors shift from focusing solely on relief to addressing underlying vulnerabilities. Samuel Hall has helped a number of humanitarian actors with strategic shifts toward resilience activities. This document shares some of our lessons learned, drawing on the example case of our work in northern Afghanistan for the NGO People in Need.
SURVEY COMMISSIONED BY THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)
The World Food Programme (WFP) implements Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) worldwide to assist communities that have suffered from a natural or man-made disaster and have yet to re-establish their livelihoods. Samuel Hall has been asked by WFP – since 2010 – to provide M&E and strategic expertise to support WFP programming in Afghanistan. As a case study of this collaboration, this document outlines Samuel Hall’s work on monitoring of WFP’s FFT activities in Afghanistan.
For providing immediate relief to disaster-affected populations and easing their road to recovery, cash transfers provide a complementary or alternate instrument to traditional food or non-food item distribution. In recent years, mobile cash transfers have emerged as a new alternative to the more traditional voucher systems or in-person cash transfer mechanisms. This document provides highlights from an evaluation conducted by Samuel Hall on cash assistance programmes in humanitarian settings.
Natural resource abundance can be an advantage for growth and development if coupled with effective economic policies, structural development and efficient institutional arrangements. We discuss economic and policy recommendations to overcome the “resource curse” for Afghanistan.
How complex is Afghan migration and what are the challenges associated with it? These questions were addressed at a workshop hosted by the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance in Brussels (8-9 April 2013) with the participation of Samuel Hall.
Afghan businesses’ lack of legal knowledge and access to legal advice frustrates economic growth in the region. Improved access would bring increased certainty to the marketplace, decrease business risk, and stimulate more informed business decision-making and domestic investment in the north of Afghanistan.