In a challenging Afghan environment, Cash Transfer Programmes (CTPs) have proven to be an efficient, safe, and flexible assistance tool that has delivered all or part of a response: i) in emergency or development situations; ii) across a large spectrum of activities (livelihoods, WASH, food security), and iii) in diverse geographic locations (urban and rural communities). To fuel the on-going debate, we listed for OCHA key findings and lessons learned from Samuel Hall’s most recent publications.
The Somali Compact, a component of the New Deal framework, will shape international engagement in South Central Somalia over the next three years (2014-16). The Compact provides “an overarching strategic framework for coordinating political, security and development efforts for peace and statebuilding activities.” In the case of Somalia, the New Deal has identified priority areas within all of the 5 Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs). It is within these PSGs that aid to Somalia will be channelled. However, a year into the process, there is still little clarity amongst implementing organisations, of whether this process accounts for Somalia’s 3 million people who are displaced and the volatile context, both in security and natural disasters in which Somalia exists. International organisations providing assistance in Somalia are in search of durable solutions and working with civil society organisations to ensure that a) international and national frameworks are consulting with the civil society in Somalia and b) the civil society represents the people of Somalia.
In 2011, the ILO Kabul Office published Buried in bricks: A rapid assessment of bonded labour in brick kilns in Afghanistan, a ground-breaking study on the extent and nature of one of the most prevalent yet least known forms of hazardous child labour and bonded labour in brick kilns in two provinces in Afghanistan. The report identified the actors involved in exacting forced and child labour in brick kilns in the country and those intervening to combat it, and examined the situation of specific vulnerable population groups and the structure of debt bondage in the sector and beyond. This follow-up study, Breaking the mould: Occupational safety hazards faced by children working in brick kilns in Afghanistan, based on research undertaken in 2013, digs deeper into the evidence on the health of children working in brick kilns in Afghanistan. It examines the specific occupational safety and health hazards they face, taking gender differences into consideration, and examines possible remediation measures. The new study compares the health of children working in brick kilns with their siblings and other children who do not work in the kilns. Guided by the World Health Organisation’s conceptual framework on the social determinants of health, it examines mental and social well-being as well as physical health.
This evaluation presents key findings from an assessment of IOM’s return and reintegration activities (2008 – 2013) in the provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Heart in Afghanistan. These activities included: post-arrival assistance, livelihood assistance and shelter assistance for deported and voluntary returnees and other vulnerable groups. The evaluation draws lessons on the relevance and impact of return and reintegration activities – these lessons can be used to strengthen future iterations of these projects in Afghanistan, and can provide lessons learned for other country contexts. Building on the strengths of IOM, this evaluation recommends actions to allow the organisation to reach its current achievements, address, and increase the wellbeing levels of uprooted people.
Child labour is an inescapable reality in Afghanistan with a recent study reporting that 25% of children aged 5 to 14 participate in labour activities. Carpet-weaving is a sector that particularly lends itself to child labour and Goodweave aims to combat this practice.
The objective is to inform DFID about the effectiveness and value for money of setting up emergency short-term, cash-based projects for disaster affected populations. It contributes to DFID’s humanitarian knowledge base on the use of mobile technology for emergency food needs.
The Youth Education Pack project targets male and female youth in Herat, Faryab and Nangarhar in Afghanistan. It provides life skills training, vocational training and literacy and numeracy training to vulnerable and illiterate youth under poverty level. The target group includes refugees, returnees and IDPs along with host communities. This report is an evaluation of the YEP project using the OECD-DAC criteria and substantive quantitative, qualitative and contextual information from the field.
The first Migration Profile for Afghanistan is a tool for enhancing policy coherence, evidence-based policymaking and the mainstreaming of migration into development planning. Due to security challenges and limited institutional capacities in data collection, a lack of reliable migration data poses challenges to policymakers in Afghanistan to develop appropriate migration policies and relevant migration programmes.
It provides detailed information on the migration patterns in Afghanistan with a focus on circular migration and remittances.
Today refugee movements no longer characterize the primary source of Afghan migration. Migration in search of livelihoods is currently the primary reason for migration and this occurs through rural–urban migration in Afghanistan or circular migration patterns as Afghans cross into Pakistan and/or the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The Migration Profile is structured in five main parts: Part A: Afghanistan – A Country in Context, Part B: Migration Trends and Migration Characteristics, Part C: Impacts of Migration, Part D: Migration Governance, Part E: Key Findings, Policy Implications and Recommendations.
This report was authored by the Norwegian Refugee Council with research conducted by Samuel Hall and NRC. The objective of the study is to summarise trends from NRC’s legal case analysis and identify the challenges faced by displaced women in accessing their housing, land and property (HLP) rights. This study offers evidence and guidance for policymakers and NRC to help eliminate – not just outcomes – of gender inequality.
This report highlights the achievements and challenges faced by the Somalia Return Consortium, composed of DRC, FAO, INTERSOS, IOM, Islamic Relief, Mercy Corps, NRC, UNHCR & WFP in implementing the IDP Voluntary Return Programme in Somalia. It reflects on the complex and evolving context in Somalia and perceptions of security for displaced populations. It also analyses the extent to which returnee beneficiaries have been able to achieve durable solutions in their places of return in Somalia.
This study is among the first to document and inform policy and action to address child labour in the Afghan carpet sector, through an analysis of child labour in the carpet weaving value chain.
In this context of increasing internal displacement, urbanization and winter-related vulnerabilities, Welthungerhilfe (WHH) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) are actively providing, in the KIS, targeted assistance to enhance the livelihood potential of IDP households. During the harsh winters, WHH and DRC work with members of the KIS Task Force to coordinate emergency response and a comprehensive winterization plan. Samuel Hall was commissioned to undertake an evaluation of the 2013/2014 winter’s cash interventions through a three-phased approach including a baseline, midline and endline survey of their winter cash assistance activities in the KIS through a field- and evidence-based, quantitative and qualitative research study.
This research is the first study of alternatives to camp-based assistance in Ethiopia for Eritrean refugees, and the first thorough review of Ethiopia’s Out-of-Camp scheme (OCP). The situation of Eritrean refugees – as highlighted in the pages of this report – draws attention to two equally vulnerable groups: 1) young, single refugee males in situations of secondary movement and engaged in further irregular migration, and 2) protracted refugees with specific displacement-related vulnerabilities (women, children, elderly) who are highly – and almost exclusively – dependent on external aid. Both have low self-reliance levels and lack effective coping strategies – their only response is either to further migrate or to stay in the camps. In both situations, they are unable to secure livelihoods. They are victims of cycles of vulnerability and poverty caused by deportation, lack of networks and livelihoods, and lack of community-based support systems.
This baseline evaluation report for ACTED’s GEC implementation programme in Faryab comes at an important moment for the NGO, for Afghanistan and for the future of development assistance in areas marred by conflict. Not only is this survey unique in its structure and scope, but it is also the very first of three external baselines done in Afghanistan for DFID’s implementing partners. As such, it has the potential of serving as a benchmark for the other NGOs and for other large education projects that may or may not be undertaken in Afghanistan in the coming years.
This study presents the results of IOM’s IDP Movement Tracking and Needs and Vulnerability Analysis Exercise conducted in Dec 2013 by Samuel Hall. It seeks to provide IOM – and its migration and displacement partners – with field-based evidence of issues that negatively impact both conflict and natural disaster-induced IDPs in Afghanistan. The focus of this report is on the provinces of Herat (West) and Helmand (South), pre-selected by IOM and identified in OCHA’s humanitarian overview as provinces that ranked highest on vulnerability indicators collected by clusters
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.
As the Deputy Ministry of Youth Affairs, drafts the National Youth Policy of Afghanistan, this report commissioned by DMoYA, UNFPA, UNDP and UNICEF is a first of its kind to be a dedicated, up-to-date document on the youth. The purpose of this report is to understand the conditions, aspirations and current state of youth in Afghanistan.
This report assesses the overall situation of women in Afghanistan across key sectors, acting as a follow-up to the report published by the World Bank in 2005, entitled Afghanistan: National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction – Role of Women in Afghanistan’s Future. This report has relied on national databases and quantitative surveys (where they exist), qualitative and perception-based surveys, program evaluations, qualitative research conducted in focused sites around the country, and a series of key interviews with donors, government departments, UN agencies, NGOs and civil society actors.
A changing political, social and economic context requires the evaluation to start with a main research question: how can Seeds of Peace adapt its theory of change to the regional and local dynamics in South Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan and India)?
For a topic that conjures vivid images in the public imagination, trafficking in persons remains largely misunderstood as the forcible movement of people. Yet, other disquieting images—the child bride given to resolve a conflict, the “dancing boy” kept as a sex slave, and the household toiling in bonded labour—are also forms of human trafficking. While these examples are drawn from the Afghan context, trafficking in persons (TIP) remains a global scourge with national and regional variations in terms of trends, prevalence, and acceptance. This report is intended to provide greater understanding of internal and cross-border TIP trends in Afghanistan by: i) clarifying concepts, ii) exploring causes and determinants of trafficking; iii) analysing trafficking patterns and trends; and iv) identifying lessons learned from applied counter-trafficking approaches.