This research is the first study of alternatives to camp-based assistance in Ethiopia for Eritrean refugees, and the first thorough review of Ethiopia’s Out-of-Camp scheme (OCP). The situation of Eritrean refugees – as highlighted in the pages of this report – draws attention to two equally vulnerable groups: 1) young, single refugee males in situations of secondary movement and engaged in further irregular migration, and 2) protracted refugees with specific displacement-related vulnerabilities (women, children, elderly) who are highly – and almost exclusively – dependent on external aid. Both have low self-reliance levels and lack effective coping strategies – their only response is either to further migrate or to stay in the camps. In both situations, they are unable to secure livelihoods. They are victims of cycles of vulnerability and poverty caused by deportation, lack of networks and livelihoods, and lack of community-based support systems.
This baseline evaluation report for ACTED’s GEC implementation programme in Faryab comes at an important moment for the NGO, for Afghanistan and for the future of development assistance in areas marred by conflict. Not only is this survey unique in its structure and scope, but it is also the very first of three external baselines done in Afghanistan for DFID’s implementing partners. As such, it has the potential of serving as a benchmark for the other NGOs and for other large education projects that may or may not be undertaken in Afghanistan in the coming years.
This study presents the results of IOM’s IDP Movement Tracking and Needs and Vulnerability Analysis Exercise conducted in Dec 2013 by Samuel Hall. It seeks to provide IOM – and its migration and displacement partners – with field-based evidence of issues that negatively impact both conflict and natural disaster-induced IDPs in Afghanistan. The focus of this report is on the provinces of Herat (West) and Helmand (South), pre-selected by IOM and identified in OCHA’s humanitarian overview as provinces that ranked highest on vulnerability indicators collected by clusters
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.
As the Deputy Ministry of Youth Affairs, drafts the National Youth Policy of Afghanistan, this report commissioned by DMoYA, UNFPA, UNDP and UNICEF is a first of its kind to be a dedicated, up-to-date document on the youth. The purpose of this report is to understand the conditions, aspirations and current state of youth in Afghanistan.
This report assesses the overall situation of women in Afghanistan across key sectors, acting as a follow-up to the report published by the World Bank in 2005, entitled Afghanistan: National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction – Role of Women in Afghanistan’s Future. This report has relied on national databases and quantitative surveys (where they exist), qualitative and perception-based surveys, program evaluations, qualitative research conducted in focused sites around the country, and a series of key interviews with donors, government departments, UN agencies, NGOs and civil society actors.
A changing political, social and economic context requires the evaluation to start with a main research question: how can Seeds of Peace adapt its theory of change to the regional and local dynamics in South Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan and India)?
For a topic that conjures vivid images in the public imagination, trafficking in persons remains largely misunderstood as the forcible movement of people. Yet, other disquieting images—the child bride given to resolve a conflict, the “dancing boy” kept as a sex slave, and the household toiling in bonded labour—are also forms of human trafficking. While these examples are drawn from the Afghan context, trafficking in persons (TIP) remains a global scourge with national and regional variations in terms of trends, prevalence, and acceptance. This report is intended to provide greater understanding of internal and cross-border TIP trends in Afghanistan by: i) clarifying concepts, ii) exploring causes and determinants of trafficking; iii) analysing trafficking patterns and trends; and iv) identifying lessons learned from applied counter-trafficking approaches.
Over 76% of Afghans have been forcibly displaced during their lifetime. In a situation of high vulnerabilities but low resilience, what is – and what can be – the response to Afghan women’s need for protection in displacement?
This study aims to understand the coping mechanisms that individuals, communities, civil society and authorities use to mitigate attacks and threats on schools in Afghanistan. A report commissioned by Save the Children.
Our evaluation of Yemen’s INGO Safety Advisory Office (ISAO) intervenes at a time of increasing political and security uncertainty in Yemen, and a redefinition of INGO roles in conflict and post-conflict settings. How can ISAO contribute to improved security management for INGOs in Yemen?
Evaluating UNHCR shelter programme’s contribution to reintegration outcomes for returnees and IDPs. A decade and 220,000 units built: what should be the future of the shelter strategy? Analysis based on a sample of 4,488 respondents in 15 Afghan provinces.
Samuel Hall greatly contributed to UNDP’s Assessment of Development Results for Afghanistan through its NABDP Beneficiary Fieldwork. The ADR covered the period from 2002 to 2008. From its initial focus on early recovery, the UNDP programme has evolved towards an increasingly substantive contribution to the cause of security and development in Afghanistan. UNDP has increasingly understood the importance of the institutions of democracy, state and rule of law in ensuring a smooth transition process with prospects of long-term peace and development.
Samuel Hall’s in-depth multi-sector assessment of four districts Eastern Afghanistan – high refugee return & IDP locations – to develop a strategy for community-based protection programming for ChildFund.
The aim of this study was to provide a detailed labour market assessment of displaced populations (returnees and IDPs) in select locations in urban Afghanistan to inform DRC’s future programming in and outside of Kabul. Samuel Hall researchers aimed to assist DRC in planning for its livelihoods programming by answering the following key research question: ‘What are the segments of the Afghan urban labour market with the biggest labour supply gaps and future opportunities for displaced populations?’
This 2nd context analysis for WFP Afghanistan elaborates on a series of likely scenarios (2013-2016) for humanitarian planning and programming during Transition. An edited piece with leading scholars – Dorronsoro, Giustozzi – on Afghanistan.
This report examines the work of Womanity Foundation in 3 model Afghan schools in Kabul and Kapisa provinces. The ‘School in a Box’ initiative aims at creating model institutions for girl’s education that can function as learning hubs.
Samuel Hall assesses the impacts of the ACH project and the feasibility of the planned construction of a new house to assist Afghan children who require specialized health care and high-quality surgical care, provided by the French Medical Institute for Children (FMIC).
Strengthening and Safeguarding a Woman and a Child: Strategic program design for ChildFund through provincial observations of Gender-Based Violence and Child Protection interventions in target provinces: Kunduz, Takhar, Baghlan and Kabul.
In a study commissioned by the Danish Refugee Council, Samuel Hall recommends cash based assistance to assist urban IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) in informal settlements. The research conducted in Afghanistan shows that thanks to the settlements urban location, access to functional markets and relatively good security conditions, the context is right for such a form of support.