This research, funded by Samuel Hall, is a first look at the situation of urban displaced youth in Kabul. It draws attention to the vulnerabilities of IDPs and deportees, while acknowledging the low levels of social and economic inclusion and integration of all (displaced) youth. Displacement has a clear impact on vulnerabilities – and migration is not accompanied by greater skill sets. How to ensure that migration can benefit development? How to reinforce the skills, potential and role of displaced youth in Afghanistan?
This ground-breaking study was funded by the European Union and conducted by Samuel Hall, DRC and PIN. It provides new insights into the nature, level and complexity of poverty, food security and resilience issues among urban households in Afghanistan. It compares the experiences of host communities, IDPs and returnees across the five major Afghan cities and provides evidence-based recommendations for practical action and policy reform to more effectively address urban poverty. The Kabul report launch and discussion was attended by many high-profile guests, including relevant government actors.
This evaluation presents key findings from an assessment of IOM’s return and reintegration activities (2008 – 2013) in the provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Heart in Afghanistan. These activities included: post-arrival assistance, livelihood assistance and shelter assistance for deported and voluntary returnees and other vulnerable groups. The evaluation draws lessons on the relevance and impact of return and reintegration activities – these lessons can be used to strengthen future iterations of these projects in Afghanistan, and can provide lessons learned for other country contexts. Building on the strengths of IOM, this evaluation recommends actions to allow the organisation to reach its current achievements, address, and increase the wellbeing levels of uprooted people.
The objective is to inform DFID about the effectiveness and value for money of setting up emergency short-term, cash-based projects for disaster affected populations. It contributes to DFID’s humanitarian knowledge base on the use of mobile technology for emergency food needs.
The Youth Education Pack project targets male and female youth in Herat, Faryab and Nangarhar in Afghanistan. It provides life skills training, vocational training and literacy and numeracy training to vulnerable and illiterate youth under poverty level. The target group includes refugees, returnees and IDPs along with host communities. This report is an evaluation of the YEP project using the OECD-DAC criteria and substantive quantitative, qualitative and contextual information from the field.
This report highlights the achievements and challenges faced by the Somalia Return Consortium, composed of DRC, FAO, INTERSOS, IOM, Islamic Relief, Mercy Corps, NRC, UNHCR & WFP in implementing the IDP Voluntary Return Programme in Somalia. It reflects on the complex and evolving context in Somalia and perceptions of security for displaced populations. It also analyses the extent to which returnee beneficiaries have been able to achieve durable solutions in their places of return in Somalia.
In this context of increasing internal displacement, urbanization and winter-related vulnerabilities, Welthungerhilfe (WHH) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) are actively providing, in the KIS, targeted assistance to enhance the livelihood potential of IDP households. During the harsh winters, WHH and DRC work with members of the KIS Task Force to coordinate emergency response and a comprehensive winterization plan. Samuel Hall was commissioned to undertake an evaluation of the 2013/2014 winter’s cash interventions through a three-phased approach including a baseline, midline and endline survey of their winter cash assistance activities in the KIS through a field- and evidence-based, quantitative and qualitative research study.
This research is the first study of alternatives to camp-based assistance in Ethiopia for Eritrean refugees, and the first thorough review of Ethiopia’s Out-of-Camp scheme (OCP). The situation of Eritrean refugees – as highlighted in the pages of this report – draws attention to two equally vulnerable groups: 1) young, single refugee males in situations of secondary movement and engaged in further irregular migration, and 2) protracted refugees with specific displacement-related vulnerabilities (women, children, elderly) who are highly – and almost exclusively – dependent on external aid. Both have low self-reliance levels and lack effective coping strategies – their only response is either to further migrate or to stay in the camps. In both situations, they are unable to secure livelihoods. They are victims of cycles of vulnerability and poverty caused by deportation, lack of networks and livelihoods, and lack of community-based support systems.
This baseline evaluation report for ACTED’s GEC implementation programme in Faryab comes at an important moment for the NGO, for Afghanistan and for the future of development assistance in areas marred by conflict. Not only is this survey unique in its structure and scope, but it is also the very first of three external baselines done in Afghanistan for DFID’s implementing partners. As such, it has the potential of serving as a benchmark for the other NGOs and for other large education projects that may or may not be undertaken in Afghanistan in the coming years.
This study presents the results of IOM’s IDP Movement Tracking and Needs and Vulnerability Analysis Exercise conducted in Dec 2013 by Samuel Hall. It seeks to provide IOM – and its migration and displacement partners – with field-based evidence of issues that negatively impact both conflict and natural disaster-induced IDPs in Afghanistan. The focus of this report is on the provinces of Herat (West) and Helmand (South), pre-selected by IOM and identified in OCHA’s humanitarian overview as provinces that ranked highest on vulnerability indicators collected by clusters
The First Micro Finance Bank (FMFB) has commissioned a report to conduct market research for the potential to disburse micro finance services in Bamyan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan. The objective is to inform FMFB of community preferences for micro finance so that it may tailor its products and delivery to adjust to their needs within the business end goals.
UNDERSTANDING THE STAKES OF THE EVAW IN AFGHANISTAN
The Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) Law is an Afghan law passed by presidential decree in 2009 that criminalises acts of violence against women. Since March 2013, EVAW Law implementation has stagnated, jeopardising progress achieved. What has caused such a drastic change? Is it public perception that hinders acceptance of this law or does the root of the problem lie deeper? In 2013, Samuel Hall conducted an evaluation of UN Women’s support to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) in implementing the EVAW Law through the EVAW Commission Project. This document shares some of Samuel Hall’s analysis of the current stakes for the EVAW Law, while the full report evaluates the activities of the UN Women EVAW Commission project.
A STOCKTAKING EXERCISE OF THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN
After initial troop deployment in Afghanistan in 2001, policy makers turned their attention to humanitarian rights – particularly women’s rights. With some of the worst health and mortality figures in the world, low levels of literacy and continuing insecurity, men and women in Afghanistan face tough challenges. The information presented in this report highlights areas in which improvements have been made, areas in which significant improvement has been lacking and areas for focus in the years ahead. The report takes stock of changes in gender mainstreaming since the 2005 WB report.
A GBV AND CHILD PROTECTION PROGRAMME STRATEGY
Gender-based Violence (GBV) and Violations of Child Rights are not mutually exclusive categories. Whilst GBV can include children, violations of child rights can occur in the form of GBV. In Afghanistan, both of these are a hard reality. Yet, certain groups of children do not fall under the radar of stakeholders. This research project focuses on two extremely sensitive, yet critical concepts and endemic operational issues: GBV and Child Protection (CP). The aim of this research is to provide a roadmap to programming in these areas that will realistically: a) address the needs of the people and b) allow for optimum use of present capacity and resources.
THE CHALLENGE OF MAKING AFGHAN SCHOOLS SAFE FOR EDUCATION
In Afghanistan, children’s access to education has improved considerably during the last decade. Yet, security continues to deteriorate in many parts of the country, placing education gains for many children at risk. Schools, students, and educators in conflict settings are direct targets of threats and attacks. This document provides highlights from research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for Save the Children International (SCI) in 2013.
This study aims to understand the coping mechanisms that individuals, communities, civil society and authorities use to mitigate attacks and threats on schools in Afghanistan. A report commissioned by Save the Children.
STRATEGIC SUPPORT FOR A SHIFT TOWARD RESILIENCE ACTIVITIES
Emergency relief in a protracted crisis is like bailing water in a leaky boat. No matter how fast you dump the water, the boat will continue to fill with water if the leaks are not addressed. The concept of resilience has caught on in recent years as humanitarian actors shift from focusing solely on relief to addressing underlying vulnerabilities. Samuel Hall has helped a number of humanitarian actors with strategic shifts toward resilience activities. This document shares some of our lessons learned, drawing on the example case of our work in northern Afghanistan for the NGO People in Need.
SURVEY COMMISSIONED BY THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)
The World Food Programme (WFP) implements Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) worldwide to assist communities that have suffered from a natural or man-made disaster and have yet to re-establish their livelihoods. Samuel Hall has been asked by WFP – since 2010 – to provide M&E and strategic expertise to support WFP programming in Afghanistan. As a case study of this collaboration, this document outlines Samuel Hall’s work on monitoring of WFP’s FFT activities in Afghanistan.
Samuel Hall’s in-depth multi-sector assessment of four districts Eastern Afghanistan – high refugee return & IDP locations – to develop a strategy for community-based protection programming for ChildFund.
The aim of this study was to provide a detailed labour market assessment of displaced populations (returnees and IDPs) in select locations in urban Afghanistan to inform DRC’s future programming in and outside of Kabul. Samuel Hall researchers aimed to assist DRC in planning for its livelihoods programming by answering the following key research question: ‘What are the segments of the Afghan urban labour market with the biggest labour supply gaps and future opportunities for displaced populations?’