This scoping study has been commissioned by UNHCR to inform the future regional education strategy for Somali refugees to be developed in 2015. The assumptions behind this study are simple. First, the situation of Somali refugees and displaced in East Africa in 2015 present major political, social, and economic risks for refugees, host countries, and the Horn of Africa, while compromising Somalia’s capacity to progressively rebuild its future. Secondly, in 2015, there is not only a necessity but also an opportunity to work towards solutions addressing the immediate and longer term protection needs of Somali refugees; thirdly, these solutions require a regional and coordinated approach between Somalia, host communities and their natural partners – including UNHCR; last but not least, education of Somali refugees can trigger such a crucial change for the future of Somalia and the Horn of Africa.
Kenya is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious country, home to one of the largest refugee populations in Africa and some of the world’s oldest refugee camps. Ongoing policy developments are shaping migration management, and Kenya’s role and strategic location in East Africa highlight political evolutions that continue to structure migration systems in Kenya. An interministerial technical working group was established to guide the process and coordinate data collection from relevant bodies. Data collection and analysis and preparation of the report were undertaken on behalf of IOM by the African Migration and Development Policy Centre with extensive technical support by Samuel Hall in the preparation, final drafting and capacity-building phases of the project.
This research is the first comprehensive study of Somaliland and Puntland’s youth migration and its linkages to employment. The research maps economic drivers of migration, youth livelihood opportunities, and interventions to support youth and local markets – unlocking solutions for youth employment in Somaliland and Puntland inclusive of the public and private sectors.
This report examines the case studies of Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps while taking stock of the political and security context framing refugee affairs in Kenya. It intends to assist policy makers to increase the potential of refugees to contribute to the development of counties and communities where they are hosted. It also aims to assess the role of the county governments in supporting improved quality of asylum and transitional solutions for refugees.
Return is not the only option facing IDPs. Local integration has been underlined as a durable solution, in UNHCR’s strategy and by UNOCHA, as an alternative. It is a viable solution in Somaliland and Puntland, where 66,000 IDPs have been “involved in local integration processes.” As of Dec. 2014, of the 1.1 million Somalis internally displaced, an est. 129,000 live in Puntland and 84,000 in Somaliland.
Samuel Hall was commissioned by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) in October 2014 to conduct a mid-term review of the second phase of the Great Lakes Civil Society Programme (GLP), a regional programme implemented since January 2010 by DRC with funding from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). The vision of GLP is for civil society to hold governments accountable to the commitments made for the protection of displaced persons in their country, by proposing realistic policy solutions to conflict and displacement.
We published our first Annual Report last year which provided a summary of our activities in 2013. Our latest Annual Report provides you with our activities and achievements in 2014 and outlines our strategy for 2015. We have done a lot, learnt a lot and achieved a lot. We would like you to share and be a part of our journey.
The successful report launch was presided by IOM and the Director of Immigration Services, and was covered in the media.
A three-day long session in Naivasha helped build the capacity of Kenyan Government officials to mainstream migration and draft a Migration Data Management Strategy.
DRC commissioned Samuel Hall for a study on the Somali New Deal Compact and Displacement, under the research framework of the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS), a consortium with an advisory board consisting of ACTED, CARE, DRC, IRC, Mercy Corps, NRC, OXFAM, Refugee Consortium Kenya (RCK) and WVI. the The findings detail the necessity to operationalise displacement as a development issue and outline the multisectoral approach that is required to obtain solutions. The New Deal Compact, with its five peace building and state building goals (PSGs), provides the foundation for such an approach. The study points to concrete possibilities of integrating displacement issues into the implementation of the New Deal Compact, in order to address the key development challenges of Somalia. This study was launched at the side-event to the HLPF organised by DRC and the Solutions Alliance in Copenhagen.
Value Chain and Rapid Market Assessment – Policy Brief
Under the context of protracted conflict, geo-political upheaval and severe drought, traditional markets have been disrupted and critical infrastructure has been eroded. The newly created Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has outlined economic growth as a central policy but has had little opportunity to invest in it. However local markets are still suffering from external shocks such as drought and conflict affecting informal agricultural and rural economy, mass internal displacement towards rapid urbanization and repatriation programs for refugees in neighbouring countries. This document provides highlights from a market and value chain research conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting for the International labour Organisation (ILO) in 2014 in Baidoa and Beletweyne districts in Somalia.
Samuel Hall Representative Saagarika Dadu-Brown presented in Copenhagen the findings of the research study “A New Deal for Somalia’s Displaced? Exploring Opportunities of Engagement for Durable Solutions with the Somalia New Deal Compact” in an event organised by the Danish Refugee Council, Solutions Alliance Somalia and UNHCR to discuss ways in which the New Deal Compact accounts for displacement and more broadly discussed displacement as a development challenge in the Somalia context.
This report provides an evidence-based strategy for increasing employment opportunities and skills training for youths, women and IDPs in Baidoa and Beletweyne districts in Somalia. This is both a timely and necessary exercise as the Federal Government of Somalia continues to implement development and rehabilitation projects based on the five Peacebuilding and Security Goals (PSGs) of the New Deal.
The Somali Compact, a component of the New Deal framework, will shape international engagement in South Central Somalia over the next three years (2014-16). The Compact provides “an overarching strategic framework for coordinating political, security and development efforts for peace and statebuilding activities.” In the case of Somalia, the New Deal has identified priority areas within all of the 5 Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs). It is within these PSGs that aid to Somalia will be channelled. However, a year into the process, there is still little clarity amongst implementing organisations, of whether this process accounts for Somalia’s 3 million people who are displaced and the volatile context, both in security and natural disasters in which Somalia exists. International organisations providing assistance in Somalia are in search of durable solutions and working with civil society organisations to ensure that a) international and national frameworks are consulting with the civil society in Somalia and b) the civil society represents the people of Somalia.
This event in Nairobi focused on unlocking solutions regarding the Somalia Return Consortium chaired by UNHCR and brought out much needed debate on refugee and returnees to Somalia.
Samuel Hall completed its first assessment in Somalia for the Somalia Return Consortium composed of DRC, FAO, INTERSOS, IOM, Islamic Relief, Mercy Corps, NRC, UNHCR and WFP. In a press release on Relief Web, UNHCR launched the Executive Summary of the report, with a foreword from the Country Representative of UNHCR Somalia – Alessandra Morelli. The report assesses the achievements and challenges of the IDP Voluntary Return Programme currently being implemented in Somalia. The full report will be released in July.
This report highlights the achievements and challenges faced by the Somalia Return Consortium, composed of DRC, FAO, INTERSOS, IOM, Islamic Relief, Mercy Corps, NRC, UNHCR & WFP in implementing the IDP Voluntary Return Programme in Somalia. It reflects on the complex and evolving context in Somalia and perceptions of security for displaced populations. It also analyses the extent to which returnee beneficiaries have been able to achieve durable solutions in their places of return in Somalia.
This research is the first study of alternatives to camp-based assistance in Ethiopia for Eritrean refugees, and the first thorough review of Ethiopia’s Out-of-Camp scheme (OCP). The situation of Eritrean refugees – as highlighted in the pages of this report – draws attention to two equally vulnerable groups: 1) young, single refugee males in situations of secondary movement and engaged in further irregular migration, and 2) protracted refugees with specific displacement-related vulnerabilities (women, children, elderly) who are highly – and almost exclusively – dependent on external aid. Both have low self-reliance levels and lack effective coping strategies – their only response is either to further migrate or to stay in the camps. In both situations, they are unable to secure livelihoods. They are victims of cycles of vulnerability and poverty caused by deportation, lack of networks and livelihoods, and lack of community-based support systems.
We are pleased to publish our first Annual Report for 2013-14. At this critical juncture, we reflect on and share some of our key developments with you. This report highlights some of our work in Afghanistan, Yemen and East Africa and the partnerships we have forged over the last year.